Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute

Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute (CGCRI), one of the foremost laboratories in the family of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research was formally inaugurated on August 26, 1950 by Dr. B.C. Ray, the then Chief Minister of West Bengal in presence of eminent personalities : Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Prof. C.V. Raman, Dr. Meghnad Saha and others. Dr. S.S. Bhatnagar was then Director-General of CSIR while Dr. Atma Ram was Director of the Institute. CGCRI, initially conceived as Central Glass and Silicate Research Institute along with NPL-New Delhi, NCL-Pune and CFRI-Dhanbad (now CIMFR) is among the first four CSIR laboratories planned in the pre-independence era.

In the early phases, the R&D activities of Institute concentrated mainly on the benefaction and characterization of raw materials of interest to glass and ceramics. An early R&D breakthrough was the indigenous development and production of optical glass. As times changed, the Institute expanded its scope and embraced newer areas of materials science. Today, CGCRI is the only research laboratory in India engaged in the development of glass, ceramics and ceramics based composite materials. A wide expertise pool generated through years of devoted efforts spans from basic research to technology development at bench and prototype scales.

A major achievement of the institute has been the turnaround in its image in the last one decade. The Institute rose to progress in all fronts namely the network and mission projects, large number of international collaborations, peer recognitions, service to the strategic, industrial and societal sectors, world class facility and infrastructures created and the tie ups with the Institution and universities both at home and the overseas. Currently the Institute is engaged in six sectors namely Materials, Minerals & Manufacturing, Communication & Instrumentation, Health Care, Energy & Environment, Water Technology and Rural Development out of the sixteen technology sectors that are of national priority in the eleventh five year plan. In tune with the global R&D scenario, the Institute has augmented a couple of frontier areas - Solid Cxide Fuel Cells and Nanostructured Materials besides its involvement in the high-tech areas: Specialty Glasses, Fibre Optics & Photonics, Bio-ceramics & Coating, Engineering Ceramics inclusive of Refractory, Composites and Non-Oxide Materials, Advanced Clay & Traditional Ceramics, Ceramic Membranes and Ceramic based Sensor and Actuators. The dimension of materials spans wide: tiny nano-particles to the big slab and blocks; a chain of state-of-the-art material characterization facilities provides the essential back up support to R&D in various areas. Fresh initiatives are now under way to identify mega projects and areas where Institute can fortify itself in future.